of California (Success Through Awareness
and Responsibility Training)
is dedicated to enriching the lives of adolescents and adults
who have learning differences (LD) and/or attention deficit
hyperactivity disorders (ADHD). START was developed specifically
for individuals with LD and ADHD as these individuals are
at high risk for teen pregnancy, school dropout, gang
membership, trouble with the law, substance abuse and unemployment.
- Empowers individuals to act on their own behalf.
- Acknowledges the interrelationship of issues affecting these individuals.
- Works in partnership with courts, probation departments, community based
organizations, alternative schools, the education system and city and
is a 14 session, 28-hour program, incorporating a modeling
and role-play approach to skill building, found to be effective
for interpersonal skill development for individuals with LD/ADHD.
Each session is divided into three areas: Life Skills; Anger
Management; and Problem Solving. Particular attention is given
to discovering an individual's strengths and learning how
to cope with deficit areas.
of START at Holden Ranch (a youth correctional facility) in Santa Clara County (CA)
participants showed significant improvement (at the p< .1 level)
on measures of
analysis revealed that school success, drug use and unhealthy sexual behavior are related
to these measurements. At sites selected by the San Jose, California Mayor's Gang Prevention
Task Force participants showed improvement of
- risk avoidance,
- protective skills,
- resiliency assets.